Looking for an exceptionally beautiful, air-freshening, low-maintenance houseplant? Then you can consider Monstera deliciosa.
Let’s have a deeper look at these popular indoor plant. You will know what it is, how to grow it, as well as how to care for it by the time you finish reading this article.
What is Monstera Deliciosa?
A member of the Arum family, Monstera deliciosa is one of the most classic tropical houseplants you can have in your home. Also known as the Mexican breadfruit, hurricane plant, or the Swiss cheese plant, Monstera is characterized by large, glossy green leaves that have deep splits and holes.
These plants are native to the tropics. You can find them in Southern Mexico and Panama, where they climb up the trees to a height of up to 20 meters. Swiss cheese plants also feature fleshy aerial roots, with which they can attach themselves to tree trunks, the soil, or rocks.
With its large, round leaves, Monstera can make a statement in your home. It is especially effective if it has aerial roots. The holes add to it stylish touch. If you are looking for a natural room divider, you can’t go wrong with Monstera. It can also serve as living air conditioner if you would want some fresh air and privacy.
In Chinese culture, Monstera plant is a symbol of long life as well as the honoring of the elderly and respected people.
Where Can You Grow Monstera?
Monstera plant thrives in standard indoor temperatures of between 68 and 86°F. Likewise, it prefers high humidity and filtered indirect light. You can also grow these plants outdoors in a shaded area as a climbing, evergreen perennial in USDA zones 10-11.
It is worth noting that the plant should get enough sunlight. Otherwise, it may not develop so many perforations in its leaves. However, too much sunlight can lead to scorching of the plant.
How to Grow and Care for Monstera Deliciosa
Monstera is a fairly low-maintenance plant that thrives in moderately moist soil. You should plant it in a peaty, well-drained soil in a pot with drainage holes.
Don’t forget that Swiss cheese plant is a climber in its natural habitat. Namely, its aerial roots need something to hang on to. So, what should you do?
You need to set a wooden or moss covered stake in the middle of the pot. This will provide the much-needed support for the aerial roots. You can trim the aerial roots if they become overwhelming. The good thing is that these roots cannot damage your walls or other surfaces.
When should you water the plant?
When at least the top quarter of the soil feels dry to your touch, then it’s time to water your Monstera plant. Consider applying standard liquid fertilizer at least once every month in the spring and summer growing seasons. Also, be sure that the leaves are always clean and dust-free.
You can achieve that by simply wiping them with a cloth soaked in a mixture of a drop of dishwashing detergent and some cups of water. It is advisable to re-pot your Monstera plant when it outgrows its current pot. In fact, repotting Montera deliciosa should be done every year when your plant is young. You know why?
This encourages the plant’s growth and freshens the soil. You should transplant it t a new pot a few inches larger in diameter and depth compared to the old one. You can go up in pot size until you reach the biggest pot size of your desire.
Is Monstera Plant Animal-friendly?
Despite its beauty, all parts of monstera are poisonous to human except for its ripe fruit. Moreover, according to the American Society for Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA), this plant is toxic to dogs and cats. Namely, it can cause oral irritation, excessive drooling, burning of the mouth, vomiting, as well as difficulty swallowing for cats and dogs.
Popular for its attractive, lager split leaves, Monstera deliciosa is one of the best choices for those looking to decorate their homes with low-maintenance, tropical plants. This glossy foliage plant is long-lasting. This means that you will enjoy its charming lacy leaves for many years with proper care. However, it is not a good choice of houseplant if you have pets since it is toxic to them.